Tiger is the National Animal of India and is an intense gist of
Indian wildlife. India is an abode to 60% of worlds total tiger population.
Too much of human cruelty on these virtuous mammals could be visualized
during the 1950s and early 1960s, it was recorded that more than 3,000
tigers killed due to the hunting and poaching, threatening the very
existence of this most captivating animal. It seemed necessarily to take
measures to preserve these creatures, therefore a Project Tiger was
instituted on April 1, 1973 on the basis of the approbation of a special
unit of the Indian Board for Wildlife. With the accomplishment of Project
Tiger many national parks and wild life sanctuaries were set up, Jim Corbett
National Park is the most successful example having the supreme consistency
of tiger population in India.
The Habitat of Indian Tiger
These splendid animals usually find their homes in the dense forest,
mangrove marshland, and Savannah climate and on the foothills of Himalayan
region with tender green grassland. The aboriginal territory of Indian
Tigers or the Royal Bengal Tiger were the dense jungles of India,
Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Burma that is the perfect dwelling place for
this magnificent beast. The most copious in populations are the Bengal
Tigers comparing with any other of tiger subspecies.
Tigers are also the biggest living member of the cat family and the fastest
running mammal on the land. In India particularly these animals are found in
the torrid forests, thick shrubs, swampy lands and dense woods of Jim
Corbett, Sunderbans, Ranthambore, Sariska and Periyar. These majestic beast
is renowned by USFWS as endangered species and are also protected
regenerated by CITES. Due to the continuos efforts taken by the government
and world organizations there is a magnificent rise in the population of
these rare species. There are now 3000 Royal Bengal Tigers in the
The Great Hunt
In the wild of Sunderbas delta one could easily cherish the sight of these
magnificent beast in its reddish orange shade with narrow black, gray or
brown vertical stripes, trapping and then pouncing upon its prey. Mostly at
dusk and during the daytime these royal animals comes out for hunt as their
stripe support them hide in the shade of tall grasses.
This powerful hunter with sharp teeth, strong jaws and a vigorous physic is
never out for hunting unless it is restless by throbbing appetite. But when
it is hungry there is no stoppage, this gigantic animal will stalk and grab
any of small or medium sized herbivore that comes its way. Their powerful
claws and jaws can tear the body of buffaloes and zebras too.
Appetite of great Indian Tiger
The patsy of a tiger can be a deer, an antelope or a pig and buffalo.
Sometimes it also feed on birds, lizards, turtles, fishes, frogs and crabs.
They generally hunt at dusk and can eat up to 40kgs of meat in a single
meal. Tigers are the lovers of a solitary life and normally are not found
in-groups and hunt on their own without any assistance. They are adroit with
excellent swimming zest but rarely are traced climbing the trees. Suderbans
is home to around 270 tigers.
The Royal Appearance
These majestic tigers are normally about 8 to 9 feet in length, some even
grow even up to a length of 10 feet. The female tigers gets sexual maturity
at the age of 3 to 4 years while the males mature when they are 4 to 5 years
old. After the gestation period the female tiger can give birth up to 4 cubs
at a time, the period last for 98 to 110 days. It is been observed that in
the protected surroundings these elusive beast survive for as long as 18
years whereas in the open jungles they live up to the age of 15 years.
It is surely delightful to trap the tiger in its diverse shades of
disposition sometimes cooling off in the shade of trees or enjoying in blue
lakes or stalking and ready to pounce upon its prey.